Coeliac disease is a health condition in which the small intestine is sensitive to when exposed to gluten, which leads to digestive problems. This condition presents itself in different ways for different people, and when left untreated, it can cause further serious health issues. It is important to understand the signs and symptoms of coeliac disease. You can be diagnosed through a coeliac screen test which can be carried out by a health professional.
Doctors recommend people with coeliac disease a strict gluten-free diet. It is a preventive measure to stop the cycle of destruction in your intestines. Here are some major symptoms of the disease:
Abdominal pain is often the most common, and obvious symptoms of the disease. The destruction process in the intestine will cause significant discomfort and pain. Next, it is associated with bloating. Bloating is a condition of abdominal distension because of the underlying pathology. The pain can range from mild to severe, depending on the person and the severity of the coeliac condition.
Diarrhoea accompanies abdominal pain and can be extremely common. This symptom is simply caused by your body’s inability to fully absorb nutrients, and can damage the lining of the gut. This is why diarrhoea is often accompanied by abdominal pain.
Coeliac disease will make a person weak. The condition can affect a patient’s appetite, and even if they try, they won’t be able to absorb what they eat properly. The lack of food leads to lack of energy and encourages the body to become weak and fragile. Inevitably, it will cause failure to thrive. When this condition occurs in children, it can seriously affect their growth and development. Most importantly, it can lead to delayed puberty. Ultimately, it will lead to short stature in adulthood.
With all the problems with absorption, the person will be unable to absorb iron. Iron makes haemoglobin necessary for blood. It will cause iron deficiency anaemia or low blood in the body. The patient can also come with folate deficiency.
The unique skin condition is strongly associated with coeliac disease. Once you confirm your diagnosis through a coeliac screen, you must prepare for this. The affected person develops itchy blisters over the elbows, knees, back, and buttocks. The pathology is the same as coeliac disease. However, it is an intensely uncomfortable condition.
Management of the symptoms
The aim is to manage each symptom and prevent any relapse.
The first step is to correct the deficiencies of micronutrients. Next, we administer iron, folate, and vit D topically.
The second step is to ensure the patient doesn’t take wheat, rye, or barley.
Lastly, counselling may be offered, explaining the condition and the life changes that come after it.